- Single-threaded asynchronous programming
- Event-based input-output model
When using Node, developers do not need to worry about using two different programming languages for the front-end and back-end. This helps to cut short the development time. Also, Node comes with a set of built-in tools, which makes development faster and easier, thereby cutting costs. This makes it one of the preferred choices of developers.
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These frameworks help to enhance the development of web apps. A Node framework comprises of abstract design, built from Node.js, embodying the control flow of its design. These frameworks are popular for their scalability, reliability, performance, and speed. Some of these factors make the frameworks a preferred choice of companies when building enterprise apps.
Recommended reading: Top Front-End Development Tools and Frameworks
Which are the Node.js frameworks that are worth considering? Given below is the list:
Nestjs was developed with an aim to create server-side apps. It has 16,572 stars on GitHub. Some of the features of Nestjs are listed below:
The modular structure allows the use of external libraries and also to divide code into separate modules.
- Comes with a built-in dependency injection container (DiC) and supports modularization
- Testing is easier with DiC, and modularization
- Scalable, loosely-coupled, and easily maintainable apps
Express is a fast, unopinionated, minimal and versatile Node.js framework, which provides a robust set of features for developing web and mobile apps. With a large number of HTTP utility methods and middleware, it is easy to create a robust API using Express. This is a project of Node.js Foundation.
It also supports a number of other packages as well as template engines like EJS, Pug, and others. It has 44,285 stars on GitHub.
Features are listed below:
- Security best practices
- Performance best practices
- Translation-ready documentation
- Easy to learn
- Template engines
- Gets security updates
Sails can be used to build custom, enterprise Node.js apps. These production-ready Node.js apps can be built in a few weeks’ time. It is one of the popular MVC Node.js frameworks and supports the development of modern web apps.
It has 20,602 stars on GitHub.
Features of Sails:
- Scalable, service-oriented architecture
- ORM support – making it compatible with most databases
- Compatible with all front-end technologies, ranging from React, Angular, Backbone, and more
- Automated generators
- No additional routing needed
- Support for web sockets
- Supports REST API creation
This is a web framework designed by the team that launched Express. Koa was intended to be a more expressive, more robust, and smaller foundation for developing web apps and APIs. There is no middleware bundled within its core, which means the middleware is more streamlined. It provides you a range of methods, which helps to make writing servers fast and fun.
You can work without callbacks and error handling is a lot easier with Koa. It has 26,336 stars on GitHub.
Below are its features:
- Streamlined middleware
- Error handling is easier
- Component-based building blocks
- No callbacks
Adonis is a model-view-controller (MVC) framework for Node.js. This framework can run on all major operating systems. If you want simplicity and elegance, then go for Adonis. As Laravel is to PHP, so is Adonis to Node.
With its stable ecosystem, you can easily write a server-side app, which saves you time to focus on other important aspects of your business as well.
It has 6,461 stars on GitHub.
Features of Adonis:
- Object-relational mapping (ORM)
- Created with support for SQL database in mind
- Query builder is easy to learn and master
- Query builder helps to build simple queries with ease
- Supports NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB
This is a powerful framework, which comes with a default API explorer. The same team behind Express.js has designed LoopBack as well. It provides support for a wide range of databases, such as MongoDB, SQL, and Oracle.
It has 12,745 stars on GitHub.
Below are some of its interesting features:
- Designing end-to-end RESTful APIs
- Decoding data-model definition
- Integrate with the node package manager (NPM) to create dynamic APIs (dynamic APIs can be used to improve the performance of dynamic server-based apps)
- Additional components for third-party login, file management, and others
- Can run on-premise or in the cloud
- Can connect devices and browsers to data and services
- Dependency injection
- Highly extensible
This server-side framework is entirely based on the MVC pattern and is well suited for building web apps. It is compatible with most of the databases, such as PostgreSQL, MongoDB, MySQL, and others. This framework is also compatible with front-end development tools: Ember, Angular, and React.
It has 3,958 stars on GitHub.
Some of its features are listed below:
- Can be used to create both server-side and client-side apps without any dependencies
- Does not need high-performance CPU and huge memory blocks
- Works on ARM architecture
- Supports events, such as WebSocket
- Supports localization, media streaming, and others
- Supports faster development of high-performing, scalable apps at lower costs
This is an open-source framework designed by the team at Walmart Labs. This high-performing and lightweight framework were created with the intent of driving more traffic toward their Black Friday event. (Black Friday is the busiest of days for online shopping in the US.)
Earlier, it was developed using the Express framework. This version came with a number of design limitations, which made it challenging to deliver specific requirements. Later, Walmart transformed Hapi into an individual and stand-alone framework.
It has 11,222 stars on GitHub.
Some of its features are listed below:
- Provides support for many databases, including MongoDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL
- Can be easily implemented with the front-end frameworks like React, Vue.js, and Angular
- Supports the design of RESTful and real-time web apps
- You can implement it as an API server, an HTTP proxy, and a website server
All these frameworks are intended to enhance the development of web apps. These intend to bring the latest innovations that we are looking forward to. Some of the most interesting aspects of these frameworks are listed below:
- Huge community support
- These frameworks are versatile
Also, most of the frameworks offer security updates and are futureproof. These frameworks make it easier to develop apps faster, cutting down costs. You can find more details about the Node frameworks here.