Striking Differences between XHTML and HTML5 – XHTML vs. HTML5

xhtml vs html5

Several website developers and designers, particularly beginners will be surprised to hear that the Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is one of the first languages that was exclusively developed for the web. HTML soon became immensely popular among users, and almost everything showcased within internet browsers is structured by using this programming language. In fact, HTML is considered to be the basic foundation of a web development project by many.

The structure of Hypertext Markup Language is organized statically with content that remains intact no matter what. During the early days of web, most websites would just simply stare back at users when we open them. These websites used tags to give information to the browser on how a specific text is to be displayed. The formatting was also pretty much simple during those days and the HTML tags gave a clear idea to browsers on when they should align text, add hyperlinks, bold texts, and more.

This isn’t the case when it comes to modern websites. Once you have placed all the necessary HTML markups in the document, all other dynamic components get automatically embedded into the file. The CSS files to add the stylistic elements and server-side scripts required to connect your website to the database will be linked to the HTML file.

HTML5

HTML5 is the most recently launched version of HTML and it comes with an abundant collection of features ad useful tools. As a result, HTML5 has already gained immense popularity among web developers. The best thing about HTML5 so that it enhances and modifies some of the features that were included in its previous version. If you are looking to build responsive, mobile-friendly, and browser compatible websites, then you should surely use HTML5.

Recommended reading: How to Use Bootstrap With HTML

It is crucial to note that HTML5 is very different from HTML. What makes HTML5 a better choice than HTML is that the cross-platform application development while using the former. So, developers who are using HTML5 will not have to worry out bring in XHTML for addressing the issues created by HTML. In addition, HTML5 is compatible with different types of internet browsers too, which was also absent in the case of HTML.

Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML)

XHTML is actually quite similar to HTML4, but it contains a few XML elements, which are embedded with HTML capabilities. The arrival of XHTML enabled developers to resolve the cross-browser compatibility issues that they were experiencing with HTML4. The advanced features of XHTML make it possible to easily break down a site’s data and even transmit it if necessary.

HTML incorporates the use of markup to display data, while XML uses markups for the purpose of describing different data components. Some of the major downfalls of XHTML were revealed right after the launch of HTML5. The good news is that the newly launched HTML5 contained features that enabled users to easily fix the issues that they encountered while using XHTML.

Also Read: Web Development Tools Every Programmer Should Know About

Advantages of HTML5

You will have to pay attention to the <div> tags when you are using HTML5 because they have been replaced with semantic components. These handy components enable designers to implement neat and clean code. In addition to that, HTML5 also help users to gain a better understanding of the structure of a page. Another important thing you need to note is that HTML5 is equipped with multiple numbers of standardised features that can be used to create excellent front-end applications.

Also read: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Web Design and Development

Users who are planning to use HTML5 for their projects should note that HTML5 will help them to create fancier forms. In fact, you will be able to include multiple numbers of components on these forms such as search, fields, and inputs that can be used for different types of processes. Finally, you should also realize the fact that HTML5 offers extended support for rich media elements.

Highlighting Features of XHTML

The first and most important thing you need to learn about XHTML is that it comes with a neat and clean code. In fact, almost all XHTML codes contain closing tags, which are perfectly and clearly nested. This means that users who use XHTML will be able to generate clean codes.

Another added advantage of this is that the clean code will also make it easier for Google and other search engines to crawl through, which will in turn help your site to acquire a greater rank in the search engine results page. Apart from that, using XHTML will considerably improve the speed of your website, which implies that it will take relatively less time for your site to load.

If you do not know a lot about Bootstrap admin templates or if you wish to learn more about XHTML vs. HTML5, reach out to us, as we are here to help you.

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